Treatment of severe dehydration
Primarily, the dehydration treatment is focused on restoration of blood volume and rehydration of the dehydrated tissues . It is essential to determine the cause of dehydration.
If the body temperature is over 40 ° C, the doctors cool the body. In this case they can use special cooling sprays, fans, chilled sheets and bathes.
- Fluid therapy
If the patient has no nausea and vomiting, the doctor may start with fluids administering. The patient will be offered water and liquids containing carbohydrate / electrolyte.
With significant symptoms of dehydration (increased heart rate, low blood pressure), fluid is introduced intravenously.
With improvement, the patient can go home and continue treatment there. If the patient is dehydrated, unconscious, febrile with abnormal vital signs or symptoms of infection, he/she should stay in the hospital for further treatment.